By Bruce S. Hall
The mobilization of neighborhood rules approximately racial distinction has been vital in producing, and intensifying, civil wars that experience happened because the finish of colonial rule in all the international locations that straddle the southern fringe of the Sahara wasteland. From Sudan to Mauritania, the racial different types deployed in modern conflicts frequently hearken again to an older heritage within which blackness will be equated with slavery and non-blackness with predatory and uncivilized banditry. This publication strains the advance of arguments approximately race over a interval of greater than 350 years in a single very important position alongside the southern fringe of the Sahara barren region: the Niger Bend in northern Mali. utilizing Arabic records held in Timbuktu, in addition to neighborhood colonial resources in French and oral interviews, Bruce S. corridor reconstructs an African highbrow historical past of race that lengthy predated colonial conquest, and which has endured to orient inter-African family members ever considering that.
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